Animal Experiments

The Swedish regulation of animal experiments is stricter than the EU directive requires, and includes a wider definition of animal experiments as well as mandatory ethical review of all experiments.

Legislation

Animal Experiments are regulated through the Animal Protection Act and the Animal Protection Orinance as well as more detailed regulations issued by the Board of Agriculture. TheSwedish legislation on animal protection, animal experiments and more useful information is available at Codex >>

The Swedish ethics committees

In Sweden each planned animal experiment must be submitted to one of the seven regional animal experimental ethics committees for a review. Experiments on animals are illegal unless the project has been approved by an ethics committee.

In accordance with the Swedish freedom of information legislation, the applications are available for anyone who is interested in seeing them. The information within the application includes a description of the planned experiment, the purposeof the project, the number and species of animals to be used, the name of the responsible researcher and where the animals are kept. Projects can be approved for a maximum time of 3 years.

Number of animals used for experiments in Sweden

The table below lists the number of animals used in Experiments in Sweden according to the European definition (EU directive 86/609 on the use of vertebrate animals for experiments) and according to the Swedish definition.

The Swedish definition includes animals killed for use of their tissue, organs or cells, as well as behavioural experiments, feeding experiments etc. From 2003, test fishing to estimate stock densities of different speices, is defined as animal experiments. Including these fish, the number of animals used increased from about 500 000 to over 6,6 million.

The increase of animals used in 2005 (Swedish definition) is mainly due to a large research projekt on feeding fish and another project to develop more humane methods to kill large numbers of laying hens when they are being replaced.

 

Year

 

EU definition

Swedish definition

Research fishing

2006

 

532 685

760 000

6 600 000

2005

 

505 681

1 273 000

6 400 000

2004

 

446 936

846 000

7 100 000

2003

 

518 053

520 000

9 500 000

2002

 

281 184

481 000

not available

2001

 

269 710

439 000

not available

2000

 

288 800

402 500

not available

1999

 

324 067

552 000

not available

1998

 

300 704

493 000

not available

1997

 

266 685

435 000

not available

1996

 

286 012

718 000

not available

1995

 

331 201

558 000

not available

1990

 

338 343

494 000

not available

1985

 

not available

519 000

not available

1982

 

not available

488 500

not available